Acne – Causes, Types, Home Remedies and Treatment Strategy
Acne Causes Types At Home Acne Vulgaris is the medical name for common acne — the presence of blackheads, whiteheads, and other types of pimples on the skin. The most common spots …
Acne is a skin condition that occurs when your hair follicles become plugged with oil and dead skin cells. It often causes whiteheads, blackheads or pimples, and usually appears on the face, forehead, chest, upper back and shoulders. Acne is most common among teenagers, though it affects people of all ages.
Effective treatments are available, but acne can be persistent. The pimples and bumps heal slowly, and when one begins to go away, others seem to crop up.
Depending on its severity, acne can cause emotional distress and scar the skin. The earlier you start treatment, the lower your risk of such problems.
Factors that may worsen acne
These factors can trigger or aggravate acne:
Androgens are hormones that increase in boys and girls during puberty and cause the
sebaceous glands to enlarge and make more sebum. Hormonal changes related to
pregnancy and the use of oral contraceptives also can affect sebum production. And low
amounts of androgens circulate in the blood of women and can worsen acne.
Examples include drugs containing corticosteroids, testosterone or lithium.
Studies indicate that certain dietary factors, including skim milk and carbohydrate-rich
foods — such as bread, bagels, and chips — may worsen acne. Chocolate has long been
suspected of making acne worse. A small study of 14 men with acne showed that eating
chocolate was related to a worsening of symptoms. Further study is needed to examine
why this happens and whether people with acne would benefit from following specific
Stress can make acne worse.
Four main factors cause acne:
Excess oil production
Hair follicles clogged by oil and dead skin cells
Excess activity of a type of hormone (androgens)
Common Sites of Acne
Between the brows.
Whiteheads (closed plugged pores)
Blackheads (open plugged pores)
Small red, tender bumps (papules)
Pimples (pustules), which are papules with pus at their tips
Large, solid, painful lumps beneath the surface of the skin (nodules)
Painful, pus-filled lumps beneath the surface of the skin (cystic lesions)
Causes of Acne The sebaceous glands produce an oily liquid called sebum. Dead skin cells
are carried by the sebum through the follicles to the surface of the skin. When the follicles
get blocked, pimples will grow under the skin where oil build up is present. The Other
Causes of Acne Are Medication that includes Androgen and Lithium. Stress. Menstruation.
Some facts about acne: Acne is one of the most common skin diseases. In people aged 11
to 30 years, the ratio of this disease is 3:4. Risk factors include oil-based makeup,
squeezing pimples, weather, genetics, menstrual cycle, and hormonal factors. How Can
People Get Rid of Their Acne? Lifestyle. Open the pores. Cleansing and skin care. Reducing
bacteria. Reduce the oil. Cosmetics. Facials. Pore strips. Toothpaste. Vinegar. What Can
Acne Causes Types At Home
Types of Acne
Lead to Acne? – If your face breaks out near the edges, it means that your beauty products are blocking your pores. – If the cheeks breakout, you are eating too much of sugar. – If
there is a flare up in the forehead area, it is due to a liver issue, stress, or sleep
deprivation. – If there are bumps on T-zone, it means your face is producing too much oil.
How to Treat Acne? Mild Acne Resorcinol: Help break down blackheads and whiteheads.
Benzoyl peroxide: Kill bacteria, accelerate the replacement of skin and slow down sebum
production. Salicylic acid: It helps to reduce swelling and inflammation. Sulfur: It is
unknown how exactly it works. Retin-A: Helps unclog the pores through increased cell
turnover. Azelaic acid: Stops sebum eruptions, makes cells stronger, and curbs the growth
of bacteria. Moderate Acne Corticosteroid injection. Oral antibiotics. Oral contraceptives.
Topical antimicrobials. Isotretinoin. Prevention and Home Management Tips Wash your face
twice a day with warm water. Do not scrub the pimples with a face scrub, turmeric powder,
etc. Do not pop the pimples. Wash your hands before touching your face and applying
creams. Rinse bath towels and pillowcases frequently. Avoid anxiety and stress. Avoid oily
food. Eat more of greens. Avoid sun exposure
Risk factors for acne include:
Age. People of all ages can get acne, but it’s most common in teenagers.
Hormonal changes. Such changes are common in teenagers, women and girls, and people using certain medications, including those containing corticosteroids, androgens or lithium.
Family history. Genetics plays a role in acne. If both parents had acne, you’re likely to develop it, too.
Greasy or oily substances. You may develop acne where your skin comes into contact with oily lotions and creams or with grease in a work area, such as a kitchen with fry vats.
Friction or pressure on your skin. This can be caused by items such as telephones, cellphones, helmets, tight collars and backpacks.
Stress. Stress doesn’t cause acne, but if you have acne already, it may make it worse.
Powerful Home Remedies for Acne
Apple cider vinegar
Apple cider vinegar is made by fermenting apple cider, or the unfiltered juice from pressed apples.
Like other vinegar, it is known for its ability to fight many types of bacteria and viruses.
Apple cider vinegar contains several organic acids that have been shown to kill P. acnes.
In particular, succinic acid has been shown to suppress inflammation caused by P. acnes, which may prevent scarring.
Also, lactic acid has been shown to improve the appearance of acne scars. What’s more, apple cider vinegar may help dry up the excess oil that causes acne in the first place.
Tea tree oil
is a natural antibacterial and anti-inflammatory, which means that it might kill P. acnes, the bacteria that causes acne.
Tea tree oil’s anti-inflammatory properties mean that it can also reduce the swelling and redness of pimples.
Jojoba oil is a natural, waxy substance extracted from the seeds of the jojoba shrub.
The waxy substances in jojoba oil may help to repair damaged skin, which means it may also help speed up wound healing, including acne lesions.
Some of the compounds in jojoba oil might help to reduce skin inflammation, which means it may reduce redness and swelling around pimples, whiteheads, and other inflamed lesions.
is a natural antibacterial and anti-inflammatory, meaning it may reduce the appearance of acne and prevent acne breakouts.
Aloe vera contains lots of water and is an excellent moisturizer, so it is especially suitable for people who get dry skin from other anti-acne products.
Honey has been used to treat skin conditions, such as acne, for thousands of years. It contains many antioxidants that can help to clear waste and debris from clogged pores.
Doctors use honey in wound dressings because of its antibacterial and wound-healing properties.
Acne Causes Types At Home
Many traditional medicine practitioners use garlic to treat infections and boost the body’s ability to fight germs and infections.
Garlic contains organosulfur compounds, which have natural antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects. Organosulfur compounds can also help to boost the immune system, which helps the body fight infections.
Green tea contains high concentrations of a group of polyphenol antioxidants called catechins.
Most people with acne have too much sebum, or natural body oils, in their pores and not enough antioxidants.
Antioxidants help the body break down chemicals and waste products that can damage healthy cells. Green tea may help clear out some of the debris and waste that has built up in open acne sores.
Echinacea, Echinacea purpurea, also known as the purple coneflower, may contain compounds that help destroy viruses and bacteria, including P. acnes.
Many people believe that Echinacea can boost the immune system and reduce inflammation and use it to fight off or prevent infections, including colds and flus.
Rosemary extract, or Rosmarinus officinalis, contains chemicals and compounds that have antioxidant, antibacterial, and anti-inflammatory properties.
A study on mice models and human cells suggested that rosemary extract can reduce inflammation from the acne-causing bacteria P. acnes.
Purified bee venom
Purified bee venom has been shown to contain antibacterial properties.
can destroy P. acnes bacteria. People who used cosmetics with purified bee venom for 2 weeks had improvements in the number of acne lesions.
Like other natural remedies, coconut oil contains anti-inflammatory and antibacterial compounds.
These properties mean that coconut oil may destroy acne-causing bacteria and reduce redness and swelling of pimples. Coconut oil may also speed up healing in open acne sores.